Tuesday, 28 May 2024

The 7 Speeds of Volleyball

Volleyball is a sport that requires speed, agility, and quick thinking. To excel in the game, players must possess a variety of skills that allow them to react and adapt to different situations. In this article, we will explore the concept of the 7 speeds of volleyball, which are based on the work of renowned soccer researcher and author Jurgen Weineck.

Kinesthetic Awareness Speed

Kinesthetic awareness speed refers to an athlete’s ability to determine their body position in relation to space and quickly react to the game. Volleyball presents a unique challenge as the dimensions of the court change dynamically during play. This requires players to be aware of their position and adapt accordingly. Additionally, players must be mindful of the boundaries and the net, which can affect their movement and decision-making on the court.

Reading Speed

Reading speed is the ability to predict and anticipate actions before they happen. It is a skill developed through experience and can greatly impact a player’s performance. By observing the movements and body language of opponents, players can make informed decisions and react more effectively. Reading speed is essential for successful spikes and digs, where split-second decisions can make all the difference.

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Decision Making Speed

Decision making speed is the capacity to make quick and effective decisions amidst numerous options. In volleyball, players must assess the situation and choose the most appropriate action, considering factors such as positioning, timing, and the tendencies of opponents. Good decision making allows players to maintain a neutral position, where they have all options available, enhancing their chances of success.

Reaction Speed

Reaction speed is the ability to respond swiftly to stimuli, whether it be the ball, an opponent’s action, or a teammate’s play. This speed is an inherent talent to some extent but can also be improved through training and conditioning. Quick reflexes and muscle firing contribute to faster reactions. Furthermore, reading speed plays a vital role in reacting effectively, as players must anticipate the trajectory of the ball or the actions of their opponents.

Movement Speed Without a Ball

Movement speed without a ball refers to the ability to move at maximum speed without the ball. This speed involves both patterned (cyclic) and random (acyclic) movements. In volleyball, players are constantly adjusting their positions and reacting to the movements of their teammates and opponents. The ability to move quickly and efficiently without the ball is crucial for successful gameplay.

Action Speed with the Ball and Game Action Speed

Action speed with the ball and game action speed are closely related. Action speed with the ball refers to performing tasks with maximum speed while maintaining control and accuracy. This speed is developed through training and practice. Game action speed is the ability to make fast and effective decisions during a game, considering technical, tactical, and conditional possibilities. It is the culmination of all the preceding speeds and is honed through game-like training.

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By understanding and developing these 7 speeds of volleyball, players can enhance their performance on the court. Each speed plays a critical role in different aspects of the game, from kinesthetic awareness to decision making to executing actions with precision and speed. Mastering these speeds will undoubtedly contribute to winning volleyball matches.

Characteristics of speed graph


Q: How can I improve my kinesthetic awareness speed in volleyball?

A: Improving kinesthetic awareness in volleyball involves practicing spatial awareness and understanding one’s position on the court. Playing on different court layouts and surfaces can help develop this speed. Additionally, focusing on looking up and maintaining awareness of the boundary lines while moving and reacting to the game will enhance kinesthetic awareness.

Q: Why is reading speed important in volleyball?

A: Reading speed allows players to anticipate and predict the actions of opponents before they happen. It helps players position themselves effectively and make informed decisions. By understanding the tendencies and body language of opponents, players can react quicker and gain a competitive edge on the court.

Q: What is the significance of decision making speed in volleyball?

A: Decision making speed is crucial in volleyball as it enables players to make fast and effective choices from various options. By being in a neutral position and considering factors such as positioning and opponents’ actions, players can select the best course of action. Good decision-making skills contribute to successful gameplay and overall team performance.

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Q: How can I improve my reaction speed in volleyball?

A: Improving reaction speed in volleyball involves a combination of inherent talent and training. Enhancing muscle firing speed through strength and conditioning exercises can contribute to faster reactions. Additionally, practicing reading speed and anticipating opponents’ actions can help players react more swiftly and effectively on the court.

Q: How can I enhance my movement speed without a ball in volleyball?

A: Movement speed without a ball can be improved through specific training drills and exercises. Players can focus on developing overall speed and agility through sprinting, lateral movements, and change of direction drills. Incorporating patterned and random movements into training sessions can also enhance movement speed without a ball.


Understanding and developing the 7 speeds of volleyball—kinesthetic awareness speed, reading speed, decision making speed, reaction speed, movement speed without a ball, action speed with the ball, and game action speed—are key to excelling in the sport. By honing these skills through game-like training and practice, players can enhance their performance on the court and increase their chances of winning matches. Volleyball is a dynamic and fast-paced game that requires athletes to be proficient in each of these speeds to succeed.

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<p>Reference: Alpinetgheep.com</p>