Friday, 14 Jun 2024

Four Legs in Support of One


Service animals play a crucial role in the Paralympic world, providing assistance to athletes who have lost a lower limb. These animals help individuals maintain balance, retrieve items, and perform various tasks. In this article, we will explore the definition of service animals, the regulations surrounding their use, and the benefits they provide to athletes.

Service Animals

What Qualifies as a Service Animal?

According to the American with Disabilities Act (ADA), only dogs and miniature horses are recognized as service animals. Dogs must be trained to perform specific tasks for people with disabilities. These tasks include guiding individuals who are blind, alerting those who are deaf, pulling wheelchairs, protecting people during seizures, reminding individuals to take medications, and offering support to those with PTSD during anxiety attacks.

Service Animals and the ADA

The ADA, which was first established in 1991 and updated in 2017, addresses the use of service animals. It states that service dogs are the only animals recognized under Titles II and III of the ADA, with miniature horses having a separate provision. Emotional Support Animals (ESAs) are not covered by the ADA. To determine if a dog is a legitimate service animal, only two questions may be asked: whether the dog is needed because of a disability and what specific tasks it has been trained to perform. No other inquiries regarding the individual’s disability, medical documentation, or special identification for the dog are permitted.

Tham Khảo Thêm:  Men's Update: Champions League Battle

The Role of Referees

As referees, our primary responsibility is to facilitate volleyball matches. We do not have the authority to manage facilities or dictate rules regarding service animals. Therefore, it is important to consider the potential benefits of allowing a service animal in the bench area. If the animal is there to provide support during a PTSD episode or anxiety attack, its presence can help calm the individual and prevent unsportsmanlike behavior.

Handling Concerns

If there are concerns about a service animal’s behavior, it is best to notify the tournament director or facility manager. They can address the situation according to the laws and guidelines pertaining to service animals. Referees should avoid taking any action that may discriminate against individuals or impede their active participation in the event. Kindness and inclusivity should always be our guiding principles.


Q: Are emotional support animals covered under the ADA?

A: No, emotional support animals are not covered under the ADA. Only service dogs and miniature horses are recognized as service animals.

Q: Can referees ask for medical documentation or proof of training for a service animal?

A: Referees are only allowed to ask two questions: whether the dog is needed because of a disability and what tasks it has been trained to perform. They cannot request medical documentation or proof of training.


Service animals play a vital role in supporting athletes with disabilities. By understanding the regulations and benefits associated with these animals, referees can create an inclusive and supportive environment for all participants. Let us embrace the presence of service animals and show kindness to those who rely on their assistance.

Tham Khảo Thêm:  National Teams Update: Germany Begins Play

To learn more about service animals and their impact, visit Alpinetgheep. Also, follow the adventures of my beloved butthead Diesel on Instagram (@diesel_puppy_dawg).